When rainfall ceases and groundwater stores run low, many plants in your garden may start to dry up and die off. If this situation happens often, you be tempted to throw in the towel and cease maintaining a garden altogether. Unfortunately, if you make this choice, your property will eventually turn to dirt or fill with unsightly weeds. Instead, consider taking advantage of your unique situation by embracing xeriscaping techniques to create a beautiful garden. With xeriscaping, you select plants that have the ability to sustain long periods without water to keep your garden from dying off in the drought season. You can increase the value of your garden by focusing on plants that produce edible fruits. Here are four drought-resistant, fruit-bearing plants for you to consider.
The Banana Yucca plant is an extremely hardy species that freely grows in barren deserts and vegetation-dense, mountainous areas. Since this plant can withstand extreme conditions, it has the ability to grow in nearly every drought-prone area. The dark green spine-shaped leaves beautifully contrast plants with rounded features and brighter tones. Dainty tendrils curl around the edges of the spiny leaves, giving the plant a rich complexity in appearance. Once a year, in the spring, the plant produces dozens of sweet, dry fruits. You can also safely eat the leaves by roasting them like asparagus.
The Desert Hackberry is a dense, thorny bush featuring dark green, oval leaves and bright orange, blueberry-like fruits. You can use this plant as a hedge in your garden to protect other fruit-bearing plants from early harvest by scavengers. This plant tolerates all soil types and high temperatures throughout the year. In the fall, the beautiful flowers develop into berries that taste sweet, yet tart. You can immediately eat the berries raw, dry them in a dehydrator or turn them into preserves.
The Strawberry Tree also produces fruit during the off-season to help your garden provide your household with an abundance of produce year-round. With careful pruning, you can keep the strawberry tree shrub-sized without impacting its seasonal fruit yield. The tree does not drop its leaves, which helps it thrive in areas with dry, dense clay soil. Many people use the berries to make delicious preserves and batches of wine. You can also simply enjoy the berries raw.
Dragon Fruit Cactuses are notoriously easy to grow, even in the worst drought conditions. This plant mimics a tree-like structure with a thick trunk and long, flowing branches in the form of wavy green leaves. The trunk has thorns while the leaves remain bare. The spiky dragon fruit grow all over the ends of the leaves through the summer and well into the fall. When eaten raw, the dense fruit has a tropical flavor profile with a slight crunch from the small black seeds. To encourage thorough pollination of the flowers to produce high fruit yields, you will need to plant two or more of these cactuses next to each other.
Creating Your Drought-Resistant Landscape
Work with a xeriscaping professional to identify the best drought-resistant plants for your area. Landscapers can easily identify plants that look great when placed together to create an attractive garden composition. The pros can also assist in creating the garden layout and planting the selected vegetation. You should have your landscaper help you learn how to water your plants throughout the first year to help them develop an extensive root system. As the plants acclimate to the garden, you can cut back or completely stop watering activities as long as the yearly climate behaves as expected.
For more info about xeriscaping, check out websites like http://bourgetbros.com.